WASHINGTON — President Trump wasn’t at the poll and even stateside for Tuesday’s number one elections in Virginia and South Carolina. But he loomed over each states, simply as he has in just about each nominating contest this yr, underscoring how the Republican Party has develop into the celebration of Trump and that its politicians move him at their peril.
As Representative Mark Sanford of South Carolina discovered the tough means, in his wonder number one defeat, having a conservative vote casting file is much less essential than demonstrating overall loyalty to Mr. Trump, who now enjoys upper approval rankings in his personal celebration than any fashionable president except for George W. Bush following the assaults of Sept. 11. And in Virginia, a far-right candidate, Corey Stewart, gained the Republican Senate nomination after waging an incendiary marketing campaign and portraying himself as a disciple of Mr. Trump.
The president’s transformation of the G.O.P. — its insurance policies, its tone, even the destiny of its applicants — hasn’t ever been so glaring. A celebration that when championed unfastened industry has now in large part grew to become to protectionism below Mr. Trump. Sermons about inclusivity were changed with demagogic assaults on immigrants and black athletes. A trust-but-verify way to overseas coverage has given solution to a seat-of-the-pants genre wherein rogue regimes like North Korea are increased and democratic allies like Canada are belittled.
Mr. Trump’s harsh assaults, together with describing the scoop media as “the country’s biggest enemy” Tuesday, draw muted responses or silence from maximum Republicans in this day and age. The celebration’s lawmakers have observed what he can do to their campaigns, having witnessed how Senators Jeff Flake of Arizona and Bob Corker of Tennessee noticed their status with conservative electorate plummet when they tangled with him. Neither is looking for re-election.
While Mr. Trump has been reshaping Republican identification for just about two years — beginning along with his 2016 nomination victory and the hard-line tone and platform he laid out at that summer time’s Republican conference — he hasn’t ever had this a lot alternative to wield energy over the celebration as he does now, together with over immigration law and price lists in Congress.
“If you criticize him, you’re siding with the media that hates him and you’re undermining what he’s trying to accomplish,” mentioned former Senator Rick Santorum, explaining why Mr. Trump has consolidated reinforce. “Trump has done a good job in being a conservative president and as much as Democrats looked past what Bill Clinton said and did, Republicans are looking past what this president says and does.”
That approach Republican lawmakers are going to be additional certain to Mr. Trump within the midterm elections, much less more likely to lift doubts about his impulsive policymaking and, possibly maximum consequential for a president dealing with scrutiny by means of a distinct recommend, extra vulnerable to chorus from criticizing his non-public habits and use of government energy.
“This will have a further chilling effect,” mentioned Mr. Flake, including, “If you want to do well in a primary, you’ve got to act accordingly.”
In addition to Mr. Flake, Mr. Trump has helped push Mr. Corker into retirement and performed a component in Speaker Paul D. Ryan and 39 different House participants leaving Congress, essentially the most House Republicans to not search re-election for at least 90 years.
Mr. Sanford had voted for a lot of Mr. Trump’s schedule, yet time and again lamented what he referred to as the “cult of personality” gripping the celebration. His opponent, State Representative Katie Arrington, used the ones evaluations in opposition to him to nice impact, casting the principle as a loyalty take a look at and defeating Mr. Sanford by means of 4 proportion issues.
Every week previous in Alabama, Representative Martha Roby, who withdrew her reinforce from Mr. Trump in 2016 after the “Access Hollywood” video was once launched, confronted fierce assaults for her disloyalty and must compete in a July runoff as a result of she fell in need of profitable a majority in the principle.
Mr. Sanford’s loss additionally got here at the similar night time that Mr. Stewart, a neighborhood Virginia reputable who has drawn consideration for focused on immigrants and protecting the Confederacy, claimed the Senate nomination in what was once an unmistakable victory for this type of racially tinged politics that Mr. Trump embraced in 2016.
The president exulted over each races Wednesday, crowing about his last-minute help torpedoing Mr. Sanford, a connection with an 11th-hour tweet that referred to as Mr. Sanford “nothing but trouble’’ and endorsed Ms. Arrington. And Mr. Trump argued that Mr. Stewart has “a major chance of winning” in a state that has now not elected a statewide Republican in just about a decade.
It was once becoming that this kind of momentous day of vote casting came about in Virginia, as it was once there 4 years in the past that Representative Eric Cantor, then the House majority chief, was once disillusioned in his number one. And simply as Mr. Cantor’s surprising defeat all yet extinguished any hope for a complete immigration overhaul, the consequences Tuesday seem to have snuffed out any room for dissent amongst G.O.P. lawmakers who depend at the president’s supporters for votes.
In Congress, Senate Republicans will most probably now not problem Mr. Trump over industry and price lists, with leaders blocking off a vote Mr. Corker is pushing to require congressional popularity of price lists applied on nationwide safety grounds.
And at the immigration debate, House Republican leaders repelled an effort by means of reasonable celebration participants to drive a vote on bipartisan measures to offer protection to younger immigrants since the president hostile them. Instead, the House will vote subsequent week on two more difficult measures that the White House helps write to house Mr. Trump.
“We are in a strange place,” mentioned Mr. Corker, who has alternately been one in every of Mr. Trump’s closest allies and loudest critics. Referring to Republican fealty to Mr. Trump, he added, “It’s becoming a cultish thing.”
To Mr. Trump’s supporters, regardless that, the fealty to Mr. Trump merely displays the devotion he now enjoys from the celebration’s grass roots.
“His base is loyal and support is strong, giving him the leverage to move votes — at the ballot box and the legislative chamber,” mentioned Brian O. Walsh, who runs the president’s major tremendous PAC. “There’s room for negotiation, but obstruction will end careers.”
Yet what alarms Republicans eyeing a House map wherein essentially the most aggressive races are in suburban districts that reject Trump-style politics, is that Tuesday’s effects will induce extra applicants to hew intently to the president to keep away from angering the celebration base. Doing so now is also crucial to verify a strong turnout and retain a solid of volunteers — nevertheless it additionally may possibility riding away impartial electorate who’re deeply contemptuous of Mr. Trump.
“There is writing on the wall when it comes to races like Sanford’s, but each district is also different,” mentioned Representative Tom Rooney of Florida, a Republican who may be retiring. “It might not be a good thing to cross the president in South Carolina, but outside Philadelphia, it might not matter.”
The risk in adopting Mr. Trump’s incendiary way was once on brilliant show Wednesday, when Senate Republicans refused to embody Mr. Stewart and the celebration braced for the havoc he may wreak in one of the most closely suburban Virginia districts the place they’re protecting incumbents.
“The national narrative on the Virginia Senate race is that Corey is associated with extreme nativist views,” mentioned Marty Nohe who serves at the Prince William County Board of Supervisors with Mr. Stewart. He added, “The job of those Republican nominees just got harder.”
David Ramadan, a former state lawmaker, mentioned Representative Barbara Comstock of Northern Virginia may come upon essentially the most difficultly keeping off questions on Mr. Stewart, who will face Senator Tim Kaine this November.
The chairman of his board, Mr. Stewart has praised white nationalists and made racially inflammatory feedback about intraparty competitors. Earlier this yr, he stood out of doors the state capitol assailing Republican legislators for being “flaccid,” including, “I feel sorry for their wives.”
Virginia Republicans, who’ve now not gained a statewide race in just about a decade, give Mr. Stewart little probability of luck, yet some fear that turning into the Trump celebration carries long-term political dangers. The worry: Moderate electorate will both develop into Democrats or sign up as independents and solid their ballots for Democrats, denying Republicans this type of middle-of-the-road voter they wish to win in a state with an informed and various citizens.
“The Grand Old Party under Trump is no more,” mentioned Mr. Ramadan, bemoaning the Republican reorientation.
“What principles are we operating on today?” he requested. “Free trade? Family values when we’re taking children from their parents? No taxes when we are putting up tariffs? What are the principles of the Republican Party today? Whatever Trump wants to do when he gets up.”
Jonathan Martin reported from Washington, and Michael Tackett from Manassas, Va. Nicholas Fandos contributed reporting from Washington.